Tuesday, 02 July 2024 00:00

Causes of Swollen Feet and Ankles

Swollen feet and ankles can result from various causes. Prolonged standing or sitting, particularly during travel, can lead to fluid accumulation in the lower extremities. Injuries such as sprains or strains often cause localized swelling as part of the body's natural response to trauma. Medical conditions like heart disease, kidney problems, and liver disorders can also lead to swelling due to fluid retention. Additionally, pregnancy frequently causes swollen feet and ankles from increased pressure on the veins. Certain medications, including those for high blood pressure or diabetes, may have swelling as a side effect. Lifestyle changes like regular exercise, elevating the legs, and wearing compression socks may help to manage and reduce swelling. Swollen feet and ankles also may indicate an underlying health condition. If you have swollen feet and ankles that are causing discomfort, it is suggested that you schedule an appointment with a podiatrist who can uncover the reason and offer you relief remedies.

Swollen feet can be a sign of an underlying condition. If you have any concerns, contact one of our podiatrists of Comprehensive Footcare Clinic - Hawaii. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Swollen feet are a common ailment among pregnant women and people who stand or sit for extended periods. Aging may increase the possibility of swollen feet and patients who are obese often notice when their feet are swelling too. There may be medical reasons why swollen feet occur:

  • Phlebitis - A condition that causes the veins to become inflamed and can also cause leg pain.
  • Liver disease - This may lead to low blood levels of albumin which is a protein. This can cause fluid in the blood to pass into the tissues and several areas of the body can become swollen.
  • Heart failure - When the heart doesn’t pump properly the blood that is normally pumped back to the heart can pool in the veins of the legs causing swollen feet.
  • Kidney disease - One of the main functions of the kidneys is releasing excess fluid in the body. This type of condition can make it difficult for the kidneys to function properly, and as a result the feet may become swollen.
  • Deep-vein thrombosis (DVT)- This is a serious condition where blood clots form in the veins of the legs. They can block the return of blood from the legs to the heart which may cause the feet to swell. It is important to be treated by a podiatrist if this condition is present.

Swollen feet can also be caused by bone and tendon conditions, including fractures, arthritis, and tendinitis. Additionally, there may be skin and toenail conditions and an infection may cause the feet to swell. Patients who take medicine to treat high blood pressure may be prone to getting swollen feet. 

Many patients elevate their feet to help relieve the swelling and this is generally a temporary remedy. When a podiatrist is consulted the reason behind the swelling can be uncovered and subsequently treated.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Honolulu, HI . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.


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