Tuesday, 25 June 2024 00:00

Various Types of Toenail Fungus

Toenail fungus manifests in several forms, each with distinct characteristics. Subungual onychomycosis is the most common type, occurring beneath the nail plate and leading to thickened, discolored, and brittle nails. White superficial onychomycosis affects the nail's surface, causing white, crumbly spots that can spread and cover the entire nail if untreated. Candida onychomycosis, caused by yeast, often targets nails already damaged or exposed to moisture. This type results in swelling, pain, and a yellow-brown discoloration. Proper diagnosis by a podiatrist is essential to determine the specific type of infection and appropriate treatment. Antifungal medications, whether topical or oral, are typically used to combat these infections, helping restore nail health and prevent further complications. If you have developed a toenail fungus, it is strongly suggested that you confer with a podiatrist who can effectively treat the type you have.

If left untreated, toenail fungus may spread to other toenails, skin, or even fingernails. If you suspect you have toenail fungus it is important to seek treatment right away. For more information about treatment, contact one of our podiatrists of Comprehensive Footcare Clinic - Hawaii. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.


  • Warped or oddly shaped nails
  • Yellowish nails
  • Loose/separated nail
  • Buildup of bits and pieces of nail fragments under the nail
  • Brittle, broken, thickened nail


If self-care strategies and over-the-counter medications does not help your fungus, your podiatrist may give you a prescription drug instead. Even if you find relief from your toenail fungus symptoms, you may experience a repeat infection in the future.


In order to prevent getting toenail fungus in the future, you should always make sure to wash your feet with soap and water. After washing, it is important to dry your feet thoroughly especially in between the toes. When trimming your toenails, be sure to trim straight across instead of in a rounded shape. It is crucial not to cover up discolored nails with nail polish because that will prevent your nail from being able to “breathe”.

In some cases, surgical procedure may be needed to remove the toenail fungus. Consult with your podiatrist about the best treatment options for your case of toenail fungus.  

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Honolulu, HI . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.


Read more about Treating Toenail Fungus

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